Sandra Day O’Connor, first girl on US Supreme Court docket, useless at 93 – JURIST

Sandra Day O’Connor, the primary girl to sit down on the US Supreme Court docket, died Friday. Based on an announcement from the court, O’Connor died of “problems associated to superior dementia, in all probability Alzheimer’s, and a respiratory sickness” on the age of 93.

O’Connor was appointed to the courtroom in 1981 by then-president Ronald Reagan. Throughout her greater than 24 years on the courtroom, she authored quite a few landmark opinions together with Grutter v. Bollinger, which allowed race to be thought-about in school admissions, and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, which allowed the federal government to detain enemy combatants but in addition gave the detainees sure due course of rights. O’Connor was a part of the per curiam opinion within the 2000 Bush v. Gore election case, and was certainly one of three co-authors of the opinion within the seminal abortion rights case Planned Parenthood v. Casey.

O’Connor retired in 2006 however remained lively in public life for a few years. In 2009 O’Connor and the Institute for the Development of the American Authorized System started a marketing campaign to induce state legislatures to move towards merit-based judicial appointments as an alternative of direct judicial elections. O’Connor additionally based iCivics, a civics training platform.

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