The Arrangement on Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Business Issues by the Courts of the Mainland and of the Hong Kong Particular Administrative Area, which permits for particular court docket rulings from mainland China to be enforced in Hong Kong, formally got here into operation on Monday.
Hong Kong applied the association by native laws. The Legislative Council of Hong Kong handed the related Ordinance, Mainland Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters (Reciprocal Enforcement) Ordinance (Cap. 645), in October 2022. Within the Mainland, the Supreme Folks’s Court docket promulgated a judicial interpretation on Monday to implement the association. The association was applied beneath Article 95 of the Primary Legislation, which permits Hong Kong to keep up juridical relations with the judicial organs of different components of the nation to offer mutual help.
The association won’t routinely impose judgments from throughout the border in Hong Kong. As a substitute, judgments will undergo procedural steps and could also be refused enforcement beneath sure circumstances outlined within the legislation. Part 5 of the Ordinance excludes sure classes of judgments, equivalent to matrimonial and household legislation judgments, judgments for enforcement of arbitral awards and company and private insolvency judgments.
Secretary for Justice Paul Lam, SC, highlighted that the association showcases the distinctive benefits loved by Hong Kong beneath the “one nation, two methods” precept. Lam remarked that implementing the association is anticipated to boost Hong Kong’s popularity as a regional mental property buying and selling heart and a hub for worldwide authorized and dispute decision companies.
The association broadens the scope of civil and business judgments from mainland China that may be acknowledged and enforced in Hong Kong. In response to a local law firm, the association will cut back the necessity for re-litigation in Hong Kong and save time, prices and sources. Moreover, judgment collectors will have the ability to pursue injunctions and orders for particular efficiency, increasing their choices for implementing judgments.
The association comes at a time when Hong Kong is making ready to enact new nationwide safety legal guidelines often known as Article 23. Chief Govt John Lee Ka-chiu emphasized the necessity to clarify Article 23 totally and warned of troublemakers in a convention final week.