Netherlands police arrest Syrian refugee suspected of crimes in opposition to humanity – JURIST

Dutch police arrested a 55-year-old Syrian refugee on Friday within the city of Druten within the province of Gelderland on suspicion of crimes in opposition to humanity, together with complicity in torture and sexual violence in Syria through the civil battle. That is the primary time that the Netherlands has accused somebody of committing crimes in opposition to humanity.

The Worldwide Crimes Staff (TIM) of the Dutch Nationwide Police investigated the person for serving because the chief of the interrogation division of the Nationwide Protection Power (NDF), a pro-government militia in Salamiyah, Syria, in 2013 and 2014. The NDF, organized by the Syrian authorities, had fought in opposition to rebels. The Public Prosecution Service of Netherlands, the physique of public prosecutors within the Dutch felony justice system, says the person arrived within the Netherlands in 2021 and acquired a short lived asylum allow.

Authorities say the person is suspected of being complicit in acts of torture and sexual violence in opposition to civilians. In accordance with Article 27 of the 1949 Fourth Geneva Conference, ladies shall be particularly protected in opposition to any assault on their honor, specifically rape, enforced prostitution, or any type of indecent assault. Moreover, Article 32 stipulates that the Excessive Contracting Events particularly agree that every of them is prohibited from taking any measure of such a personality as to trigger the bodily struggling or extermination of protected individuals of their palms.

The Netherlands is prosecuting these crimes primarily based on the thought of universal jurisdiction. This enables states to say felony jurisdiction over an accused individual for sure crimes no matter the place the alleged crime was dedicated, and whatever the accused’s nationality, nation of residence, or some other relation to the prosecuting entity.

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