The Excessive Constitutional Court docket of Madagascar ordered a one-week postponement of the presidential elections on Thursday, in gentle of protests that led to the harm of two presidential candidates. Safety forces fired tear gasoline grenades throughout these protests. The primary spherical of elections had been scheduled for November 9, however will now happen on November 16; the second spherical of elections is scheduled for December 20.
The request was filed on October 6 by Andry Rajoelina, one of many presidential candidates who suffered a watch harm when safety forces fired tear gasoline grenades. He sought medical remedy in close by Mauritius. Rajoelina’s oppossing candidate, former President Marc Ravalomanana, additionally suffered a leg harm within the earlier week because of a tear gasoline assault by police meant to disperse a gathering of his supporters. The Excessive Constitutional Court docket famous that using tear gasoline and different projectiles constituted a disproportionate use of drive within the face of a peaceable march.
Below Article 47 of the Structure of Madagascar, the loss of life of a candidate or a case of drive majeure compels the Excessive Constitutional Court docket to subject a brand new date for elections. Drive majeure is outlined utilizing the factors of exteriority, unpredictability, and irresistibility. The courtroom dominated that Rajoelina’s bodily incapacity was a particular case of drive majeure, stopping him for performing electoral actions. The courtroom additionally invoked Article 1 of the Structure, which lays down that democracy and the precept of rule of regulation kind the premise of the Republic, together with Article 5, whereby sovereignty rests with the folks and is exercised by way of common suffrage.
Rajoelina had stepped down as president final month with the intention to file his candidacy for re-election, in accordance with the constitutional mandate. Eleven of the 13 opposition candidates have collectively known as for demonstrations towards Rajoelina’s candidature, which they name an try to preserve Rajoelina in energy. Rajoelina’s first bid for energy in 2009 culminated in a coup ousting then President Ravalomanana.
The UN Human Rights Workplace spokesperson expressed concern earlier this week over the “deteriorating human rights state of affairs in Madagascar” earlier than the presidential elections, following using “pointless and disproportionate use of drive by safety forces” to disperse peaceable protests.