Canada, the UK, Sweden and Ukraine have collectively initiated dispute settlement proceedings Monday towards the Islamic Republic of Iran earlier than the Worldwide Civil Aviation Group (ICAO), alleging the usage of weapons towards passenger flight PS752. These international locations already filed a joint application instituting proceedings towards Iran earlier than the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice (ICJ), claiming that Iran has violated its obligations below the Conference for the Suppression of Illegal Acts towards the Security of Civil Aviation (in any other case often known as the Montreal Convention).
The Ukraine Worldwide Airways flight was shot down in January 2020, simply minutes after takeoff from the IKA airport in Tehran, killing all of the passengers and crew on board. Whereas they initially denied duty, Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps finally acknowledged that the flight was downed by its missiles, however the full particulars stay unknown.
In April 2023, in a trial marked by an absence of transparency and called a “sham” by Human Rights Watch, 10 members of the Iranian armed forces had been charged and sentenced for taking pictures down the aircraft. Iran supplied no details about the investigation and introduced no proof to the authorities inside the sufferer’s dwelling international locations. Human rights organisations additional condemned Iran for partaking in arbitrary detention, interrogation, torture and different mistreatment directed at relations of the victims.
The Coordination and Response Group (CRG) was shaped of the 4 nations, whose residents made up nearly all of passengers aboard the flight. They’re in search of to carry Iran to account for utilizing weapons towards a civil plane in flight, in breach of its worldwide authorized obligations below Article 3bis of the Conference on Worldwide Civil Aviation. The article ensures that states should “chorus from resorting to the usage of weapons towards civil plane in flight and that, in case of interception, the lives of individuals on board and the protection of plane should not be endangered.”
Within the joint statement, the CRG acknowledged that Iran had been unwilling to have interaction in negotiations or take full obligation for downing the flight. They had been now instituting proceedings within the hope that the motion at ICAO “alongside our continued pursuit of justice on the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice can result in actual change and forestall comparable tragic losses sooner or later. Justice shall prevail.”